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An American political scientist Francis Fukuyama wrote a book in 1992 “ The End of History and the Last man.” In this book Fukuyama presented the idea that after the collapse of Soviet Union in 1991 cold war has ended. In post cold war world the liberal democracy will be the final form of government.Western civilization and ideas would be dominant in all over the world.
This idea was not only rejected by another American Political scientist Samuel P. Huntington rather he presented a new theory in his Lecture at ‘American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy research’ in 1992.He said that the nation states will disappear and differences between nations will emerge on the basis of religion and culture. In his book S.P Huntington has identified seven possibly eight civilization and finally concluded that the ultimate clash would be between Western and Islamic civilizations.
Here the question arises that as Samuel P. Huntington has sketched the future politics, whether the Headscarf issue in France is a smaller reflection of a big confrontation between Islamic and Western Civilizations?