Climate change and Economic Implications in India and Pakistan

Main Article Content

Dr Tahira Parveen
Ismail Khan
Muhammad Siddique


This study investigates the diverse ramifications of climate change on the economies of India and Pakistan, two adjacent countries in South Asia that encounter comparable environmental obstacles. The primary objective of this study is to examine the interrelated dynamics between climate change and economic indicators in various nations by conducting an extensive review of current literature, statistical data, and economic models. This study examines the various impacts of climate change on important sectors including agriculture, water resources, energy, and infrastructure. It critically evaluates the susceptibility and ability to adapt of different economies. Considerable emphasis is placed on extreme weather phenomena, alterations in precipitation trends, and escalating temperatures, all of which play a role in the disruption of conventional livelihoods and economic endeavors. Moreover, the study delves into an examination of the policy responses and adaption methods that have been implemented by India and Pakistan in order to alleviate the detrimental impacts of climate change on their respective economies. A comprehensive examination of these initiatives provides insight into the efficacy of existing measures and underscores prospective avenues for enhancement and cooperation between the two nations. Furthermore, the study examines the macroeconomic ramifications of climate change, encompassing its impact on gross domestic product (GDP) growth, employment dynamics, and the distribution of income. The findings derived from this study enhance comprehension regarding the economic ramifications of climate change in India and Pakistan, hence providing valuable guidance to policymakers, researchers, and stakeholders on the imperative nature of sustainable development methods.

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How to Cite
Dr Tahira Parveen, Ismail Khan, & Muhammad Siddique. (2023). Climate change and Economic Implications in India and Pakistan. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMAN AND SOCIETY, 3(4), 154-162. Retrieved from