Crimes and Consequences: A Human Rights-Based Approach to Criminal Justice

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Sidra Kanwel
Muhammad Imran Khan
Usman Asghar


This research article examines the integration of human rights principles into criminal justice systems, focusing on the implications for rehabilitation, reintegration, and restorative justice practices. Through a qualitative research methodology, including literature review and qualitative data collection methods such as interviews and case studies, the study explores the complex interplay between human rights and criminal justice. Case studies from countries like Norway, Sweden, New Zealand, and Canada are analyzed to illustrate the benefits and challenges of adopting a rights-based approach. The findings highlight the importance of prioritizing dignity, fairness, and accountability in criminal justice processes, as well as the potential for transformative change in promoting public safety, reducing recidivism, and fostering social cohesion. The article contributes to scholarly discourse by offering insights into the practical implementation of human rights principles in criminal justice systems, with implications for policy development, practice, and future research endeavors.


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How to Cite
Kanwel, S., Muhammad Imran Khan, & Usman Asghar. (2024). Crimes and Consequences: A Human Rights-Based Approach to Criminal Justice. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMAN AND SOCIETY, 4(1), 1073-1080. Retrieved from