Allusions to British Imperialism in Coetzee's Foe; A Reconstruction of Defoe's Robinson Crusoe

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Ayaz Ahmad Khan
Zeeshan Ahmad


This research study aims to conduct an analysis of orientalist features present within the novel “Foe.” The primary objective of this analysis is to highlight the significant role played by orientalism in the context of English Imperialism. Coetzee's approach in Foe involves a meticulous reevaluation and reinterpretation of the renowned and widely celebrated work of English Literature, "Robinson Crusoe," authored by Daniel Defoe.

In Foe, Coetzee revisits the same characters from Defoe's Robinson Crusoe, albeit with subtle alterations. This literary exercise is undertaken to demonstrate the powerful influence of discourse in the construction of narratives according to one's desires. The analysis undertaken here inquires into the strategies employed by colonial powers in their quest for domination and the orientalization of colonized nations. Furthermore, it seeks to shed light on the pervasive issue of misrepresentation, where the Occident often distorts the reality of the Orient.

 This research also explores into the examination of the brutal tactics employed by colonial masters during the era of English colonialism. By thoroughly investigating these historical aspects, the study aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of how colonial powers operated and subjugated other nations during this period.

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Ahmad Khan, A., & Zeeshan Ahmad. (2024). Allusions to British Imperialism in Coetzee’s Foe; A Reconstruction of Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMAN AND SOCIETY, 4(1), 931-942. Retrieved from