Factors Leading to the Punjab Provincial Muslim League’s Success in 1946 Provincial Elections

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Dr. Farzana Gul Taj
Dr. Syed Waqar Ali Shah


In the 1937 provincial elections, the Punjab Provincial Muslim League had a mere seven candidates for the eighty-six Muslim seats, only two of whom succeeded against the landlord Unionist Party. Less than a decade later, the Punjab Provincial Muslim League captured seventy-five out of eighty-six Muslim seats in the 1946 elections. The victory in the 1946 elections was a culmination of diverse tactics and strategic maneuvers. Initially, the inception of the League addressed the pressing issue of Muslim under-representation, igniting a wave of political activism. Within the Muslim League, internal divisions between the Old and Young Parties mirrored the evolving political terrain, adding complexity to the landscape. By leveraging deep-seated kinship bonds and religious affiliations, the League secured vital backing from the influential landed aristocracy, pivotal figures in Punjab's political dynamics. Strategic outreach efforts targeted peasants and students, expanding the League's support base. Concurrently, organizational reforms and enthusiastic advocacy for separate electorates fortified its position. The collapse of the Unionist Party, marked by notable defections to the League, cemented its ascendancy. Through adept navigation of religious, social, and economic networks, alongside organizational flexibility, the League emerged triumphant in 1946. This victory laid the cornerstone for the establishment of Pakistan, marking a pivotal moment in history.

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Dr. Farzana Gul Taj, & Dr. Syed Waqar Ali Shah. (2024). Factors Leading to the Punjab Provincial Muslim League’s Success in 1946 Provincial Elections. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMAN AND SOCIETY, 4(1), 734-744. Retrieved from https://ijhs.com.pk/index.php/IJHS/article/view/449