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The craft industry has thrived for centuries in the picturesque Swat Valley. Among the various artisanal endeavours, the shawl industry has garnered worldwide renown, thanks to its innovative techniques in craftsmanship. Weaving shawls in Swat is a time-honoured tradition, a craft that artisans have honed across generations. Woollen shawls hold universal appeal, transcending age, gender, and nationality boundaries.
The primary aim of this research was to uncover the fundamental methodologies employed by local artisans in Swat Valley for crafting shawls. Within this paper, we delve into the intricate process of wool transformation, spanning from the initial fibre processing to the ultimate creation of the shawl, meticulously detailing each stage from spinning to finishing.