Main Article Content
This study explores the role of political parties in democratic societies, examining their historical significance and contemporary influence. It highlights the diverse ideological diversity of political parties, which provide citizens with platforms for political expression, fostering debate, representation, and governance stability. Political parties also shape the electoral process, impacting candidate selection, policy formulation, voter mobilization, coalition building, and adherence to election laws. It emphasizes the importance of parties adapting to societal changes, prioritizing public trust, and upholding ethical standards to ensure success in dynamic political landscapes. Post-election governance, the study examines majority-minority dynamics, influencing legislative processes and policy implementation. The study also highlights the importance of party performance, adherence to democratic principles, and public trust in upholding the integrity and legitimacy of the democratic process. As democratic societies evolve, parties must adapt to shifting demographics, attitudes, and emerging issues .